Full Guide to CBD Oil in 2021 - Product

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 Full Guide to CBD Oil in 2021
  •  Full Guide to CBD Oil in 2021
Detailed article about CBD oils: Everything There is to Know About the Healing Powers of Cannabis. What is the difference between CBD and THC? Production of CBD Oil: A complex process

CBD Oil: Full Guide to CBD Effects, Purchasing & Regulations in 202 1

CBD oil is on trend. Those who a...

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Detailed article about CBD oils: Everything There is to Know About the Healing Powers of Cannabis. What is the difference between CBD and THC? Production of CBD Oil: A complex process

CBD Oil: Full Guide to CBD Effects, Purchasing & Regulations in 202 1

CBD oil is on trend. Those who are concerned with a healthy lifestyle will sooner or later come across this main active ingredient of cannabis, as it can exert an incredible amount of positive effects on the body and psyche.

In this article we want to take a closer look at the supposed all-rounder and clarify important questions, so that you have a good overview even after reading.

What is CBD oil?

CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is an active, very effective component of cannabis, i.e. hemp. Although it is extracted directly from the hemp plant, CBD does not cause intoxication or “highs”.

According to WHO, consumption of CBD does not depend on it and cannot be abused in this respect. In addition, there appear to be few side effects caused by CBD. More on that later.

What is the difference between CBD and THC?

Like THC, CBD is one of many active components of the hemp plant. However, THC, probably the most well-known ingredient of cannabis, is psychoactive, causing states of intoxication or "highs". CBD does not do this and is therefore so well suited as a dietary supplement.

How does CBD oil taste?

CBD usually has a rather intense taste, it is often described as nutty, grassy or earthy. If you can't cope with the taste, you can easily mix it in a cold drink, for example in a smoothie.

Is CDB legal?

CBD is legal and over-the-counter, as the substance is not psychoactive, so does not cause intoxication. Trade, acquisition and consumption are therefore permitted in United Kingdom.

Excursus: Legality of cannabis

In the United Kingdom, the consumption of cannabis, cultivation, production or distribution that is not licensed for non-industrial or non-medical purposes is not legal. You can get penalties for possession and delivery from five to 14 years in prison, unlimited fines, or both.

But the government legalised medical cannabis in Nov 2018, thus making the CBD market a legal and regulated.
Production of CBD Oil: A complex process

From the hemp plant to the finished CBD oil, a few days pass and relatively complex procedures must be applied to obtain a high-quality product. 

1) The right hemp plant: There are different varieties of hemp plants that can be grown in UK with a special license. There are also male and female hemp plants. As a rule, only the female ones are used for the production of CBD oil, as their content of CBD is significantly higher. Once the right plant has been selected and grown, the drying process continues.

2) Drying of hemp flowers. The hemp flowers of the female hemp plant are dried by storing them in a cool and dark room for up to a week. Drying by means of heat or other attempts to help are not recommended, as the valuable CBD can be damaged as a result. The flowers must be 100% dry before the extraction of CBD can begin.

3) Extraction can be done in four different ways:
  • With oil such as coconut oil or hemp seed oil. The CBD dissolves under heating in the oil. It is best if the whole thing takes place cold-pressed and in organic quality.
  • With dry ice. For this purpose, the flowers are added to the dry ice and carefully shaken. The resins on the flowers, which contain the CBD, freeze and become a powder. This can be easily separated later.
  • With solvents such as alcohol. The flowers are added to the solvent and the CBD dissolves completely by itself. The solvent is then heated so that it evaporates and only one extract with CBD remains.
  • With CO₂. This method is very complex. For this purpose, several interconnected chambers are used, which are filled with the hemp flowers and through which the CO₂ gas flows. Due to pressure and temperature differences, the CBD is then released from the flowers.
Each method has its advantages and disadvantages, of course. CO₂ extraction is particularly popular among the manufacturers of high-quality CBD oils, because by means of precise temperature and pressure adjustment, you get very accurately those components from the hemp plant that you really want.

The extract is then dissolved in a high-quality oil such as hemp seed oil.

How does CBD oil work?

We humans all have a so-called Endocannabionoid System in our body. Whether we take cannabis or its active ingredients such as CBD or not, we make certain cannabinoids ourselves. These molecules produced by the body are called endocannabinoids.

Among the most important endocannabinoids are:
  • Anandamide
  • 2-Arachidonyl-glycerol
  • Noladin Ether

Our  endocannabinoid system regulates several important processes in the body, including:
  • Pain
  • Immune function
  • Metabolism
  • Sleep
  • Mood
  • Appetite
  • Memory
  • Fertility

As can be deduced from this, endocannabinoids are incredibly important molecules that are responsible for many functions in the body.

It is found in the brain, organs, connective tissue, glands and immune cells. With their complex processes, they are, among other things, something like a bridge between body and mind.

Their mode of action is basically based on the fact that they switch off activated processes in the body after a certain time. They extinguish – figuratively speaking – the fire.

It becomes problematic when the endocannabinoid system of the body no longer runs as it should. Especially if too few of these signalling substances are present, symptoms such as pain, sleep disorders or anxiety can occur – precisely the points that are regulated by the endocannabinoid system. 

Just as our endocannabinoids dock to the receptors of this system to take effect, so can “foreign” cannabinoids perform this function. They are mainly found in the hemp plant and are also called phytocannabinoids (phyto from Greek “phyton” = plant) so plant cannabinoids.  And one of them is CBD.

If there are too few endocannabinoids in the body and the above mentioned problems occur as a result, you can help by taking CBD, so that the body gets back into a healthy balance.

Chronic pain, for example, is the most frequently cited reason for the use of medical cannabis.With the cannabinoids contained in it, pain can be permanently and naturally reduced or even completely eliminated.
For what can CBD oil help?

As described in the previous section, the endocannabinoid system affects many different aspects. The best known effects are the following:

Against pain and inflammation

Cannabis was used thousands of years ago to treat pain.

Today it is known that CBD is responsible for the pain-relieving effect. Studies confirm that the body's endocannabinoid system is affected by CBD in such a way that inflammation is reduced and interactions with neurotransmitters are positively altered.
A scientific paper from 2018 looked at various studies from 1975 to 2018 on the effect of CBD on pain.

Various types of pain were included, including:
  • Pain caused by cancer
  • neuropathic pain (nerve pain)
  • Fibromyalgia (widespread pain in various regions of the body due to impaired pain perception, without inflammation)

Without going into further details of the individual studies, the general conclusion of the scientists was that CBD helps effectively against pain and has no significant side effects.

Relaxation of muscles

Especially in the field of (professional)athletes CBD oil is now a popular and much used candidate. After hard training, taking the preparation helps to relax the muscles and regenerate faster.

However, also tensions, for example due to stress, can be treated by taking  CBD.
15 well-known athletes swear by CBD because, among other things, it alleviates pain after training, helps with minor injuries and counteracts inflammation. CBD is also often used before competitions, as it reduces nervousness and, in contrast to THC, is usually also a permitted substance in sports.

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) actually removed CBD from the list of banned substances in 2018. While all natural and synthetic cannabinoids are not allowed in sports, CBD is the only exception.

Promoting sleep

In a study with 25 people who slept poorly, taking 25 mg of CBD in capsule form resulted in better sleep in around 67%.

Since pain can also cause poor sleep,it is obvious that taking CBD can also help here. This is often documented, especially as a side effect of CBD therapies against pain.
CBD can even help with the so-called REM sleep behavior disorder. In this case, the sleeping person moves so strongly through particularly vivid and frightening dreams that he or she can endanger himself or others.


Anxiety disorders are known to many people today. The common forms of therapy consist in the administration of pharmaceuticals, which often have side effects such as nervousness, nausea, inner restlessness, weight increase or decrease and many more.

In addition, drugs such as benzodiazepines can make you dependent and lead to drug abuse.

CBD can also help with anxiety disorders. Researchers assume that it alters the brain's response to the mood neurotransmitter serotonin.

In addition, it should calm the central nervous system, which helps against anxiety.

Study: CBD in anxiety disorders

In a three-month study to examine the effects of CBD on anxiety and sleep, 103 people were investigated. Almost 80% of them suffered from anxiety. Almost all received a daily dose of CBD of 25 mg in capsule form. A few received 50 or 75 mg.

After just one month, anxiety improved in 80% of participants and remained at a reduced level until the end.

Overall, CBD was well tolerated among participants. Few reported side effects such as fatigue, sluggishness or dry eyes in the first few weeks.

Study: CBD in nervousness

In a Brazilian study, 57 men were supposed to audition in a simulated public speech. They were previously given either a placebo, or CBD at a dose of 150, 300, or 600 mg.
After finishing the public address, the researchers found that the 300 mg dose achieved the best effects and significantly reduced nervousness. On the other hand, the placebo, the 150 mg and 600 mg doses showed no or only a small effect.

Study: CBD treatment in a child with post-traumatic stress disorder

Even in a child suffering from insomnia and severe anxiety due to bad experiences in the past, treatment with CBD oil had positive effects, without any side effects.

Sleep quality and also sleep duration benefited greatly and already after five months the quality of life had improved so much that the child performed well in school, which had previously not been possible due to the anxiety disorders. It was treated with 25 mg of CBD in the evening (for sleep disorders) and 6-12 mg of CBD during the day (for anxiety).

All studies and results summarized, one conclusion can be drawn: especially in the area of anxiety treatment, the great advantage of CBD over pharmaceutical drugs is that it is herbal and does not burden the liver or kidneys. In addition, the side effects also seem to be significantly lower.
How fast does CBD oil work?

The effect of the sublingual application, in which the CBD oil is placed under the tongue and swallowed after about a minute, an effect occurs according to experience after about 15 minutes.

It is faster when CBD is inhaled. As the active substance enters the bloodstream via the lungs within a few seconds, an effect of seconds is to be expected. An effect should occur within a few minutes at the latest.

How long does CBD oil work?

Of course, it depends very much on the dosage and frequency of intake. Most experts give about two to six hours for the duration of the effect.

What concentration of CBD oil is recommended?

When taking CBD oil, you should first feel first. It is important to know that more does not help in this case! It is much more important to use CBD oil regularly in order to benefit from its long-term effects.

Beginners usually start slowly with 5 or 10% and can increase the dose over time if necessary.

Why is CBD oil so expensive?

The usually high price of  CBD oils has several reasons. First, there are some costs for growing, harvesting and drying the raw material.

Extraction can also be complex. Especially for high-quality CBD oils, which are obtained by CO₂ extraction, for example, the processing process is expensive. A great deal of emphasis must also be placed on purity in order to avoid residues of other cannabinoids such as THC.

In order to finally check the quality, each production unit is usually tested by an independent laboratory, which again leads to enormous costs.

So if you are looking for a good CBD oil for yourself, you should not fall back on particularly cheap products, as this can be a sign of poor quality.

How to take CBD oil?

There are different  dosage forms of CBD. The most important are described here in an overview.

Drop s : Under the tongue and into the bloodstream

One of the most popular variants is the so-called sublingual intake, in which the drops are placed directly under the tongue and wait about a minute until the oil is swallowed.
The CBD is then taken up especially via the mucous membranes below the tongue, which quickly unfolds the effect in the body.

Liquid: smoking CBD without getting” high"

If you buy the CBD oil in the form of a liquid, the enjoyment is usually not too short. With an e-cigarette or a vaporizer, also called a steamer, this can be inhaled, vaporized or smoked.

In addition to the” nice " side effect that these liquids are available in different flavors, another promising factor is added:

The plant substances that provide the fruity aroma (terpenes) interact with the CBD oil, which makes them very complementary and increases bioavailability. This means that the body can absorb the CBD even better.

The prerequisite is, of course, that the aroma is really natural terpenes and not chemical flavourings.

The beneficial addition of CBD and terpenes is also known as the entourage effect and is a reason for many people to prefer the CBD Liquid to the drops.

Which of the two forms is now better can hardly be said. If you use liquids and inhale the CBD oil, then the active substance is absorbed faster in any case than with the oral application. Via the lungs, it enters the bloodstream directly, whereupon it quickly reaches all places in the body.

For this reason, liquids are good for acute complaints such as headaches, or if you just want to relax quickly.

Apply CBD oil externally

Finally, there is also the possibility to apply CBD in the form of tinctures, creams or even the oil directly locally on the skin and rub if necessary.

According to experience reports, CBD is externally effective against acne, but also to help against atopic dermatitis. The effect here will be due to the anti-inflammatory effect.

As an application against stress, anxiety or other psychological or internal symptoms, however, applying it to the skin makes little sense, since the absorption and transfer into the bloodstream are in any case too short.
Side effects of CBD oil

CBD oil is generally considered very well tolerated and has hardly any side effects, especially compared to conventional medicines.

Nevertheless, some side effects are known, which can occur especially at the beginning of CBD therapy, or with an overdose.
  • Fatigue
  • Cause diarrhea
  • Loss or increase of appetite
  • Weight loss or increase

Those who experience side effects should reduce the dose and / or wait a few days.

What should you pay attention to when buying CBD oil?

The supply of CBD oils is now quite large. The sale has been legally regulated in the EU since March 2019. This means that certain minimum requirements must be met if the oil is sold within the EU.

For this purpose, the hemp plant must be listed in the so-called “Normal Variety Catalogue for Agricultural plant species” and the THC content must not exceed 0.2%. Thus, it is excluded that the consumption of CBD oil leads to intoxication states.
With these legal requirements, important requirements are already met if the CBD oil is purchased within the EU.

Transparency of the manufacturer

Before making a purchase decision, however, it makes sense to look at the website or other information about the product and its manufacturer.

As is often the case, it is a good sign if the producer clearly states where he gets his raw materials, what method he uses to extract the CBD and whether or how often he has his products checked by means of a certified laboratory. Transparency is the alpha and omega. 

Origin and type of cultivation

The “Made in Switzerland” seal is also a good sign, whereby products manufactured in other EU countries can also be of high quality. Above all, it is important that you have travelled as short a transport route as possible, since quality can suffer as a result of long storage and transport. 

An organic quality of the product also indicates that it is a high-quality product, but should not be used as the sole criterion. For exanple, all  Alpinols CBD oils are cultivated, manufactured and bottled in Switzerland.

Extraction method

CO₂ extraction usually stands for particularly high quality, as no impurities can occur. In contrast, when extracted with solvents such as ethanol, residues may remain in the product. This is not possible with CO₂.

In addition, CO₂ extraction is a very gentle process in which the ingredients of the hemp plant are well preserved.

Alpinols provide the gentle CO2 extraction is made in-house, just a few steps from the field. The extraction is made without any heat to avoid the destruction of valuable cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids. For Alpinols the full spectrum we remove THC In addition, for the  cats CBD oil, terpenes are also removed. 

CBD content

The exact content of CBD should be specified not only as a percentage, but also in milligrams per drop, as this information is again much more accurate.

Full-spectrum vs. isolate

Whoever has the choice should always rely on a full-spectrum oil. The reason: in addition to the pure CBD, many other valuable ingredients of the hemp plant are contained here, for example cannabinoids, flavonoids or terpenes. They complement each other wonderfully and work together all the better in the human body.

Carrier oil

The CBD extract is always dissolved in a so-called carrier oil. This can be hemp seed oil, coconut or olive oil. Other oils are also possible. Again, organic quality is always the better choice, as this implies that no pesticides or other residues are contained. If an organic seal is depicted on the p

The difference between CBD and CBDa

What you should also pay attention to when buying is whether the product is pure CBD, or whether” CBDa " is declared on the packaging. The letter a stands for “acid” in this case.

CBDa is something of a precursor of CBD and is in no case worse than pure CBD. The difference, however, lies in the fact that CBDa has a weaker effect and thus offers itself especially for beginners or even with very mild symptoms.

Conclusion: CBD is a multi-talent and worth a try

The CBD wave that has been going through the Internet for some time now not only seems to be a fashion trend, but is really justified.

Numerous studies confirm the multiple positive effects of the cannabinoid without significant side effects. Even if you have no obvious symptoms, taking (low-dose) CBD can improve quality of life and have a preventive effect.

So we think: it makes sense to acquire a good preparation and simply to test how your own body reacts to it

FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions about CBD oil

1)  What is CBD oil?

CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is an active, very effective component of cannabis, i.e. hemp. Although it is extracted directly from the hemp plant, CBD does not cause intoxication or “highs”.

2)  How is CBD oil produced?

First, the flowers of the female hemp plant are gently dried. The CBD is then extracted using an extraction process. Extraction can be done with oil, CO₂, dry ice or solvents.

3)  How does CBD oil work?

Each person has their own endocannabinoid system in the body, which is responsible for pain, immune function, sleep and mood, among other things. When endocannabinoids such as CBD dock to the receptors, this leads to ongoing processes such as the sensation of pain being inhibited.

4)  How fast and for how long does CBD oil work?

Although this is very individual and also depends on dosage and frequency of use, it is said that CBD already works after a few seconds to minutes and the effect lasts about 2-6 hours.

5)  How to take CBD oil?

It has been proven to put the oil directly under the tongue (sublingual) and leave there for a minute before swallowing it down. The CBD is quickly absorbed via the mucous membranes.

6)  Why is CBD oil so expensive?

Cultivation, drying and especially extraction are very expensive. In addition, each production unit is usually checked for quality by an independent laboratory, which is also relatively expensive. A high degree of purity without residues such as THC has its price.

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